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 Updated: October 28, 2015

Burial of Karbala Martyrs by Bani Assad – a historical perspective

By: Zaynab S. Abbas
Translated By: Syeda Abeeda tuz Zahra Moosavi


Allamah Ne’matollah Al-Jazaeri narrates from Abdullah Al-Assadi, and Sayyed Muhammad Ali Shah Abdul-Azimi writes in Iqaz-ol Qaloub that when Al-Imam Al-Hussein (p) was martyred on Ashura Day along with his 72 near and dear ones, and Omar bin Sa’ad (c) planned to depart Karbala for Kufa, he wrote to Ibne Zyad asking him what to do now.

Ibne Zyad (c) ordered him to bury slain of Yazidi army, chain the holy chaste ladies of Holy Prophet (p)’s house, raise the heads of martyrs of Progeny of Prophet Muhammad (p) on lances and leave the holy bodies of Imam Hussein (p) and his companions without shrouds and burial on the burning plain.

Omar bin Sa’ad replied that burial of slain belonging to Yazidi army is not easy as they number over 150,000. How could I bury them all? Ibne Zyad then ordered to bury only chiefs and heads that were killed. He did so and left Karbala taking the chaste women of holy Prophet (p)’s house being chained without their veils, raising heads of Progeny of Prophet (p) on lances, and leaving the holy bodies of Prophet (p)’s progeny without shrouds and burial on the scorching plain.

Imam of Era Imam Al-Mahdi (p), twelfth and final imam from the progeny of Holy Prophet (p), says in his Zyarah An-Nahiyah:

“Salutations upon the un-shrouded and unattended corpses,
Salutations upon the corpses whose colors were transformed by the scorching heat,
Salutations upon the pools of blood that were absorbed by the earth of Karbala,
Salutations upon the scattered, dismembered limbs,
Salutations upon the (severed) heads that were raised on lances,
Salutations upon the pure ladies, that were paraded without their veils,
Salutations upon the one, whose bloodthirsty enemies violated their covenants regarding his honor and the honor of his family.”

These holy corpses remained unshrouded and without burial in the hot plain of Karbala for three days. Clan of Bani Assad was housed on a bank of river Euphrates. After the departure of Yazidis, women of Bani Assad came to the plain of Karbala and saw headless shroud less corpses of offspring of Sayyeda Fatimah Az-Zahraa (p) were scattered all around. They found fresh blood was gushing out of their wounds even on the third day of their unjust slaughter, rays of brightness were coming out of these holy bodies as well as these were making everywhere fragrant.

Seeing all this, these women stressed upon their men to arrange shrouding and burial of progeny of holy Prophet (p) highlighting to them the high status of Al-Imam Al-Hussein (p) and his progeny in the sight of Allah and holy Prophet (p).

The men of Bani Assad clan said they were afraid of Bani Umayyad, who slaughtered Al-Imam Al-Hussein (p) and his 72 near and dear ones. The men were mentally disturbed and were badly ashamed for not helping Sibt-or Rasul Al-Imam Al-Hussein (p) on Ashura. They said to the women that Ibne Zyad is grand tyrant; he would kill us on knowing all this.

The women warned their men that if they would not bury, these women themselves would do it.

Then the chief of the clan suggested to place one of their men on the way to Kufa. If he would feel any danger from Ibne Zyada, he would inform them, and that they should go to the shrouding and burial of offspring of the Mistress of the Women of World Sayyedah Fatimah Az-Zahraa (p).

Reaching in the plain, they found all corpses were headless. They were worried how to identify the bodies. They were in their deep thoughts when an Arab veiled rider was seen coming towards them. They all got afraid for fear that if he was a man of Ibne Zyad.

The rider asked them: “What were you doing here?” they replied: “whoever you are, we’ll tell you truth. We came here to bury progeny of Holy Prophet (p), but we are unable to identify without heads that which body belongs to which martyr.”

The rider promptly replied: “Don’t worry. I’ll guide you.” He got down of his mount and walked on the ground in the midst of corpses. He sat by a holy body; lifted him, embraced and while weeping bitterly told him: “O father! Enemies are happy on your martyrdom; illuminations are being arranged in the houses of Bani Umayyad. Father! After your martyrdom our pains have increased. After you O father sufferings of Sajjad have enlarged…”

Then he put the body on earth, saw right and left; pushed back some earth from his right side, there a grave was appeared. He lifted the badly wounded horses-trampled body of the beloved son of Zahraa (p) about whom his grandfather holy Prophet Muhammad (p) had said: ‘Hussein is from me and me from Hussein,” the men of Bani Assad stepped forward to help him, but he stopped them weeping bitterly and saying “my helpers are with me. I am not alone.” Men of Bani Assad were in deep wonder.

Imam Ali bin Mousa Ar-Reza (p) says: “No one could count the wounds of my grand father Hussein (p). The wounds over his Holy body were equal to the letters of Holy Quran in number”.

After laying the holy body of Al-Imam Al-Hussein (p) in the grave, the rider put his cheeks on the chest of the holy corpse, wept for long, then raised his head and said: “Lucky is the earth which is going to become keeper of your holy body. After you, world is dark, and hereafter is bright with your brightness. My grief is eternal … o the son of Prophet (p)! Peace be upon you from me…”

Then he raised the grave with earth, put his hand on the grave and wrote with his finger thereon: “This is grave of Al-Hussein bin Ali bin Abi Talib who was slaughtered thirsty while he was out of his homeland.”

Then he ordered by making a line on the earth with his finger: “Make a grave for 17 martyrs here.” 17 martyrs were buried therein.

Marking on another place, he ordered to bury other corpses except Habib bin Mazaher therein, and got him buried on the head side of Al-Imam Al-Hussein (p).

Then, the rider came to another holy corpse, embraced him and said weeping grudgingly: “Uncle! would that you have seen that scene of torching tents when all women (from progeny of holy Prophet) were calling you.”

The rider ordered to make a grave. After it was made, he alone buried that holy body (p). Only two corpses were left, and the rider ordered to make a grave for these two by the side.

After completion of burial of Martyrs of Karbala, the rider mounted on his horse to depart. The men of Bani Assad grasped his stirrup and asked: “Tell us who are in these graves?”

He replied that as far as grave of Hussein is concerned you know it (as the rider had written on it with his finger). The grave in which 17 bodies were buried is that of progeny of Ali (p) and Batool (p), nearest of these is that of Hussein (p)’s son who was resembled with holy Prophet (p). The other big grave is that of companions of Hussein (p). The single grave on the head side of Al-Imam Al-Hussein (p) is that of Habib bin Mazaher. The grave on the bank of river Euphrates is that of Qamar Bani Hashem (p), and the two graves by him are that of Qamar bani Hashem (p)’s brothers. “If anyone asks you after me, tell them.”

The men of Bani Assad asked the rider: “Introduce yourself as well, that who you are?”

On this question, the rider began weeping and said: “Now I’m your Imam Ali bin Al-Hussein … I came from prison of Ibne Zyad for burial … May Allah give you good reward … agonize not if any suffering befalls you in this connection.”

The men surprisingly asked: “Are you Zayn-ol Abidin?”

He said: “Yes” and disappeared from the sight.

Imam Ali bin Al-Hussein (p) had came there with the power of his imamate for burial as only Imam can bury an Imam and no one else.

As far as authentic traditions of history are concerned, they tell that Holy Prophet (p) got graves of all martyrs prepared by angels under his eyes. Al-Imam Ali bin Al-Hussein (p) had only pointed out to Bani Assad.

There is a narration of Omm Al-Mo’mineen Omm-e-Salma in Bihar that she was weeping bitterly. Someone asked him reason and she replied that since the departure of holy Prophet (p) from this world, she had never seen him in dream. Now I’ve seen him that his holy beard was blood-stained, his hair was troubled, his neckline was slit open, and he was crying aloud. I asked him reason and he told me: “My Hussein has been martyred. Just now I got free from making their graves.”

Narration of Sheikh Tousi shows that the holy body of the Chief of Martyrs Al-Imam Al-Hussein (p) was not taken on hands but Bani Assad brought a mat, Imam Sajjad (p) put all pieces of Sibt-or Rasul (p)’s holy body on it and then buried him.

Peace be upon Hussein, and upon Ali bin Al-Hussein, and upon the progeny of Hussein, and upon the companions of Hussein

Reference: Ma’aali-os Sibtayn by Mahdi Mazendarani
(Taken from archives of www.Jafariyanews.com )

Banu Assad tribe commemorates burial of Imam Hussein (p)

HOLY KARBALA, Iraq: Banu Assad tribe commemorated the ceremony of burial of Al-Imam Al-Hussein (p) and other martyrs of Karbala on 13th of Moharram (Oct 27, 2015) by holding Husseini procession. This historic commemoration is also called 'Azzao Banu assad'. A number of Husseini groups from other clans and tribes also contributed in the commemoration. Women led the procession in memory of Al-Assadiah women’s high stance on 3rd day after the martyrdom of Al-Imam Al-Hussein (P).


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